A 16th-17th c. style of Italian street theatre emphasizing stock characters, physical stunts, and improvised text.
Members specializing in Commedia dell’Arte:
Bibliography for Commedia dell’ArtePrint Sources
- Bacon, R. W. The Juggler’s Manual of Manipulative Miscellanea. Newburyport, MA: Variety Arts Press, n.d.
- Barner, Pat and July Vermillion-Witt. The Center Ring. Norfolk, VA: Hampton Roads Publishing Co., Inc., 1992. 1-878901-31-1
- Burgess, Hovey. Circus Techniques: Juggling, Equilibristics, Vaulting. New York: Drama Book Specialists, 1977.
- ________. “Circus and the Actor,” The Drama Review, Vol. 16, no. 1, 1972: 36-46. Well-known teacher of circus arts discusses teaching circus skills to actors.
- Carlo. The Juggling Book. New York: Random House, 1974.
- Cassidy, John and B. C. Rimbeaux. Juggling for the Complete Klutz. Palo Alto, CA: Klutz Press, 1988. 0-932592-00-7
- Disher, M. W. Clown and Pantomimes. New York: Benjamin Blom 1968.
- Fife, Bruce et al. Creative Clowning. Colorado Springs, CO: Java Publishing Company, 1988. 0-941599-03-5
- Kelly, E. Clown. New York: Prentice Hall, 1954.
- Kerr, W. The Silent Clowns. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1975.
- Liebmann, Adrienne. Women’s Circus: Leaping off the Edge. LPC InBook, 1997. ISBN 1875559558 Established in 1991 as a community theatre project to work with survivors of sexual assault, the Women’s Circus toured Beijing in 1995. Jugglers, acrobats, tricksters, aerialists, technicians, administrators, musicians, designers and trainers tell their story.
- McKechnie, Samuel. Popular Entertainment Through the Ages. New York: Blom, 1969.
- McVicar, Wes. Clown Act Omnibus. Colorado Springs, CO: Meriwether Publishing, 1960. 0-916260-41-0 200 workable clown acts for all levels.
- Perkins, Catherine and Rob Shone (Illustrator). The Most Excellent Book of how to be a Clown. Millbrook Press, 1997. ISBN 0761304991 Introductory book featuring step-by-step instructions on how to create clown personas, including traditional characters like the “auguste” or the “whiteface.”
- Pipkin, T. Be a Clown! New York: Workman Publishing, 1989.
- Remy, Tristan and Bernard Sahlins (Translator). Clown Scenes. Ivan R. Dee Publisher, 1997. ISBN 1566631440 Written by a French circus historian, this book presents 48 classic routines by clowns working in the old tradition of the one-ring circus. Includes spoken words, the manner of line delivery and the physical turns. Scenes are suitable for performance, and require three actors and no sets.
- Robinson, Davis Rider. The Physical Comedy Handbook. NH: Heinemann, 1999. ISBN 0325001146 Preparation, solos, duets, trios, group exercises, skills (e.g. the trip, the take, difficulty with objects, interruptions).
- Schechter, Joel. Durov’s Pig. New York: Theatre Communications Group, 1985. Clowns, politics, theatre.
- Stolzenberg, Mark. Clowns for Circus and Stage. New York: Sterling Publishers, n.d. Simple techniques simply presented. Good for kids.
- Toole-Stott, Raymond. Circus and the Allied Arts: A World Bibliography. 4 Vols. Derby, UK: Harper & Sons, 1958 and 1971.
- Towsen, John. Clowns. New York: Hawthorne, 1976.
- Wiley, Jack. Basic Circus Skills. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1974.
- Wilmeth, Don B. The Language of American Popular Entertainment, n.c.: n.p., 1981. Argot and slang of circus, vaudeville, burlesque, etc.